A mat4 represents a 4x4 matrix which can be used to store transformations. You can construct a mat4 in several ways:
# all components are set to zero
M = mat4()
[ 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000]
[ 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000]
[ 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000]
[ 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000]
# identity matrix
M = mat4(1.0)
[ 1.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000]
[ 0.0000, 1.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000]
[ 0.0000, 0.0000, 1.0000, 0.0000]
[ 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000, 1.0000]
# The elements on the diagonal are set to 2.5
M = mat4(2.5)
[ 2.5000, 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000]
[ 0.0000, 2.5000, 0.0000, 0.0000]
[ 0.0000, 0.0000, 2.5000, 0.0000]
[ 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000, 2.5000]
# All elements are explicitly set (values must be given in row-major order)
M = mat4(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k,l,m,n,o,p)
M = mat4([a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k,l,m,n,o,p])
[ a, b, c, d ]
[ e, f, g, h ]
[ i, j, k, l ]
[ m, n, o, p ]
# Create a copy of matrix N (which also has to be a mat4)
M = mat4(N)
# Specify the 4 columns of the matrix (as vec4's or sequences with 4 elements)
M = mat4(a,b,c,d)
[ a[0], b[0], c[0], d[0] ]
[ a[1], b[1], c[1], d[1] ]
[ a[2], b[2], c[2], d[2] ]
[ a[3], b[3], c[3], d[3] ]
# All elements are explicitly set and are stored inside a string
M = mat4("1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16")
[ 1.0000, 2.0000, 3.0000, 4.0000]
[ 5.0000, 6.0000, 7.0000, 8.0000]
[ 9.0000, 10.0000, 11.0000, 12.0000]
[ 13.0000, 14.0000, 15.0000, 16.0000]
Mathematical operations:
The mathematical operators are supported with the following combination of types:
mat4 = mat4 + mat4
mat4 = mat4 - mat4
mat4 = mat4 * mat4
vec4 = mat4 * vec4
vec4 = vec4 * mat4
vec3 = mat4 * vec3 # missing coordinate in vec3 is implicitly set to 1.0
vec3 = vec3 * mat4 # missing coordinate in vec3 is implicitly set to 1.0
mat4 = float * mat4
mat4 = mat4 * float
mat4 = mat4 / float
mat4 = mat4 % float # each component
mat4 = -mat4
vec4 = mat4[i] # get or set column i (as vec4)
float = mat4[i,j] # get or set element in row i and column j
Additionally, you can compare matrices with == and !=.
Return column index (0-based) as a vec4.
Set column index (0-based) to value which has to be a sequence of 4 floats (this includes vec4).
Return row index (0-based) as a vec4.
Set row index (0-based) to value which has to be a sequence of 4 floats (this includes vec4).
Return the diagonal as a vec4.
Set the diagonal to value which has to be a sequence of 4 floats (this includes vec4).
Returns a list containing the matrix elements. By default, the list is in column-major order (which can be directly used in OpenGL or RenderMan). If you set the optional argument rowmajor to True, you will get the list in row- major order.
Returns the identity matrix. This is a static method.
Returns the transpose of the matrix.
Returns the determinant of the matrix.
Returns the inverse of the matrix.
Returns a translation transformation. The translation vector t must be a 3-sequence (e.g. a vec3).
This is a static method.
Returns a scaling transformation. The scaling vector s must be a 3-sequence (e.g. a vec3).
This is a static method.
Returns a rotation transformation. The angle must be given in radians, axis has to be a 3-sequence (e.g. a vec3). — This is a static method.
Concatenate a translation transformation and return self. The translation vector t must be a 3-sequence (e.g. a vec3).
Concatenates a scaling transformation and returns self. The scaling vector s must be a 3-sequence (e.g. a vec3).
Concatenates a rotation transformation and returns self. The angle must be given in radians, axis has to be a 3-sequence (e.g. a vec3).
Returns a matrix that represents a perspective depth transformation. This method is equivalent to the OpenGL command glFrustum(). — This is a static method.
Note
If you want to use this transformation in RenderMan, keep in mind that the RenderMan camera is looking in the positive z direction whereas the OpenGL camera is looking in the negative direction.
Similarly to frustum() this method returns a perspective transformation, the only difference is the meaning of the input parameters. The method is equivalent to the OpenGL command gluPerspective(). — This is a static method.
Returns a matrix that represents an orthographic transformation. This method is equivalent to the OpenGL command glOrtho(). — This is a static method.
Returns a transformation that moves the coordinate system to position pos and rotates it so that the z-axis points onto point target. The y-axis is pointing as closely as possible into the same direction as up. All three parameters have to be a 3-sequence.
You can use this transformation to position objects in the scene that have to be oriented towards a particular point. Or you can use it to position the camera in the virtual world. In this case you have to take the inverse of this transformation as viewport transformation (to convert world space coordinates into camera space coordinates).
This is a static method.
Returns a matrix with orthogonal base vectors. The x-, y- and z-axis are made orthogonal. The fourth column and row remain untouched.
Decomposes the matrix into a translation, rotation and scaling. The method returns a tuple (translation, rotation, scaling). The translation and scaling parts are given as vec3, the rotation is still given as a mat4.
Returns a mat3 which is a copy of self without the 4th column and row.
Sets the first three columns and rows to the values in m3.